Sciences, A - D

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Dr. Lawrence K. Altman, M62
Has made important medical links and discoveries through his dual roles as physician and journalist
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Tufts Degrees: M.D. 1962

Other Degrees: B.A., Government, Harvard University, 1958

Awards & Honors: Distinguished Service Award, TUAA, 2008; Jonathan E. Rhoads Medal, American Philosophical Society, 2008; University of California at San Francisco's medal, 2004; Walsh McDermott Award, the Associated Medical Schools of New York 2004; Howard Lewis Career Award, American Heart Association, 2001; Victor Cohn Prize for Excellence in Medical Science Reporting, Council for the Advancement of Science Writing, 2000; Howard W. Blakeslee Award, American Heart Association, 1982, 1983,1995; George Polk award for his series on AIDS in Africa, 1986; Claude Bernard Science Journalism Award, 1974

Biography: Dr. Lawrence K. Altman served for three years with the U.S. Public Health Service's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. He helped set up a measles immunization program for eight West African countries, which later merged with the World Health Organization's program that eradicated smallpox from the world. While at CDC, Dr. Altman was the editor of the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and later served as Chief of the U.S. Public Health Service's Division of Epidemiology and Immunization in Washington. From 1969 to 2009, he was senior staff Medical Correspondent for The New York Times. During that time, he wrote more than 4,000 by-line articles on a wide variety of medical and scientific subjects for The New York Times. Dr. Altman continues to write articles for The New York Times, including The Doctor's World column in Science Times. His book, Who Goes First? The Story of Self-Experimentation in Medicine, is published by the University of California Press. He was awarded a Kaiser Family Foundation Fellowship in 2009-2010 and a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship for 2010-2011.

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Mary Ann Anderson, NG89
Public health and nutrition expert who has had a significant impact on global health through policy reform and the establishment of community-based educational programs
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Tufts Degrees: Ph.D., Nutrition, 1989

Other Degrees: B.S., Nutrition, Mundelein College, 1970; M.S., Nutrition, University of Hawaii, 1972

Awards & Honors: Named Outstanding Alumnus, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, 1992

Biography: Dr. Mary Ann Anderson is a senior international public health and nutrition expert and program manager who has devoted her career to improving maternal child health, nutrition, reproductive health and HIV/AIDS. She worked with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) for 26 years, most recently serving as the Director of the Health and Education Office in USAID/Guatemala. In that role, she led policy reform in the area of reproductive health services. Her efforts have taken her around the globe, and she has extensive field experience in Latin America and Asia. Some of her most notable accomplishments include doubling contraceptive use by Guatemala’s indigenous population, delivering emergency relief and reconstruction assistance to victims of Hurricane Mitch in Honduras, and organizing a high-level meeting of global leaders in Florence, Italy that resulted in the for breastfeeding promotion. She is currently an independent consultant.

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Dr. Bernard Appel, M23
? -1986
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Tufts Degrees: M.D., 1923

Biography: Dr. Bernard Appel was a professor and Chair of the Dermatology Department at the Tufts School of Medicine. As well as being a leader for the department in the modern era, alongside Dr. John Dowling, he also served as the Chief of Dermatology at Boston City Hospital from 1952-1961. He recognized the importance of basic research and, under his guidance; the hospital’s clinical focus was modified to emphasize investigatory skills. He also developed a Master’s of Science program for fellows in dermatology and a program for third-year students that involved both lectures and clinics and allowed them to visit the Boston City Hospital for ward walks, laboratory sessions, and conferences. During Dr. Appel's tenure, faculty members published a number of clinical studies. He is also the founder of the journal SKIN and authored Skin: Beauty and Health. He married Doris Leavitt, a graduate of The Museum of Fine Arts who created the work, the Hall of Medicine, which featured twelve figures of scientists and physicians responsible for landmark changes in the development of modern Western medicine were chosen after consultation with the leading medical historians of the time.

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Dr. Frederick R. Appelbaum, M72
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Tufts Degrees: M.D., 1972

Other Degrees: B.A., Dartmouth College, 1968

Biography: Dr. Frederick R. Appelbaum is the Director of Clinical Research and heads the Program in Clinical Transplant Research at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, a position he has held since 1993. His own laboratory and clinical research focuses on the biology and treatment of acute leukemia. Dr. Appelbaum has been a professor of oncology at the University of Washington School of Medicine since 1988. He is now Head of the Division of Medical Oncology there. He was named the Executive Director of the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance in 1998.

Dr. Appelbaum has been a board member of a number of scientific societies, including the American Society of Hematology, American Society of Clinical Oncology, the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation and is Chair of the Leukemia Committee of the Southwest Oncology Group. He served as Chair of the Board of Scientific Advisors for the National Cancer Institute. Dr. Appelbaum was an Associate Editor for Blood and also serves on the Editorial Boards of numerous scientific journals. He is the author of over 800 scientific articles and was the lead author on the first paper to discuss the successful use of autologous marrow transplantation.

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Dr. Stephen Moulton Babcock, A1866, H1901
1843–1931; Agricultural chemist who conducted experiments that changed the faces of the dairy and livestock industries forever
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Tufts Degrees: B.A., 1866, H.LL.D, 1901

Other Degrees: M.A., Cornell University; Ph.D.; University of Gottingen, Germany 1879

Awards & Honors: Capper Prize, US Senate, 1930; gold medal for Most Distinguished Service to American Agriculture, US Senate, 1930; Bronze Medal for service to the people of Wisconsin, Wisconsin Legislature, 1901; World War II battleship named SS S. M. Babcock in his honor

Biography: Dr. Stephen M. Babcock was an agricultural chemist who is best known for creating the Babcock test for determining the butterfat content in milk and cheese processing. While working at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, he got the idea to conduct the "single grain experiments", from which resulted a chemically balanced long-term feeding plan for livestock as well as the consideration of nutrition as a science. From 1887 to 1913, Dr. Babcock worked as a professor of agricultural chemistry at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, during which time he created the Babock test and helped develop a cold-curing process for ripening cheese. Both of these accomplishments led to nutrition becoming an accepted field of science.

After Dr. Babcock’s death, his estate was left to the University of Wisconsin–Madison College of Agriculture and turned into student housing that was named in his honor. Babcock House is the oldest continuously-operating student housing cooperative in Wisconsin. In 1948, the Institute of Food Technologists created the Stephen M. Babcock Award to recognize Babcock's achievements. Additionally, the food science department building at the University of Wisconsin in Madison was named in Babcock's honor in 1952. The Institute of International Dairy Research and Development at Wisconsin was also named in Babcock's honor.

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Dr. Bruce J. Baum, D71
Dental researcher who has developed novel gene therapies to improve the quality of life for dry mouth patients
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Tufts Degrees: D.M.D., 1971

Other Degrees: B.A., University of Virginia, 1967; Ph.D., Boston University, 1974

Awards & Honors: Distinguished Service Award, TUAA, 2004; Norton M. Ross Award for Excellence in Clinical Research, ADA, 2000; U.S. Public Health Service Commendation Medal (twice); Salivary Research Award, IADR, 1993; Geriatric Oral Research Award, IADR, 1995; Oral Medicine & Pathology Award, IADR, 2007; Elected Member, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, 2007

Biography: Dr. Bruce J. Baum is the Chief, Gene Transfer Section, at the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH. He is also the Director of the Medical Research Scholars Program (MRSP) and is work aims at developing the academic curriculum that participating student scholars follow during their tenure. He is a leader in dental research and is known for his groundbreaking work involving gene transfer strategies aimed at improving the quality-of-life for many oral cancer and other dry-mouth patients by repairing damaged salivary glands. Among many activities, he has served on multiple editorial boards, as well as numerous panels reviewing dental schools in the US and abroad, and was a member of the White House Conference on Aging. He has made a considerable effort to increase the relevancy of biological science in dental education, as well as advocated for the development of strong critical thinking and investigative skills among dental students, saying that research provides the intellectual curiosity and problem solving ability so necessary for high quality patient care and advancing the dental profession.

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Dr. George R. Callender, M1908, H54
? - 1973; Former Commandant of the Army Medical Service who instituted a host of improvements and received numerous awards for his dedication to improving military health care
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Tufts Degrees: M.D., 1908; H.Sc.D., 1954

Awards & Honors: Medaille de la Reconnaissance Francouis, 1947; Strong Medal, 1946; Distinguished Service Medal, 1945; Typhus Commission Medal, 1945; Japanese Red Cross Medal, 1923; Sternburg Medal, 1913

Biography: Dr. George R. Callendar served as an instructor at Tufts Medical College for about four years after graduating with the class of 1908. In 1913, he joined the army and began a long distinguished career as a medical officer in the armed forces, ultimately achieving the rank of Brigadier General. While serving in the army, Dr. Callender established the Army Medical Research Board in the Philippines and served as its first president and established the Registry of Ophthalmic Pathology in 1922. He retired from the armed forces in 1946 as the Commandant of the Army Medical Service. Dr. Callender also served as President of the American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists in 1931 and the President of the American Society of Tropical Medicine in 1932.

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Dr. Fredric Cantor, V84
USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services, New England Area Emergency Coordinator
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Tufts Degrees: DVM, 1984

Other Degrees: MPH, Harvard, 1985

Awards & Honors: Outstanding Alumnus Award, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 2009; Elected honorary member of Tufts chapter of the Phi Zeta Honor Society of Veterinary Medicine; National Certificate of Merit, National Environmental Health Association, 2003; Merit Award, Massachusetts Veterinary Medical Association, 2003; Michael Saraco and John D, Crowley Awards, MA Health Officer Association 2000; Outstanding Veterinary Student Award, Conference of Public Health Veterinarians, American Veterinary Medical Association, 1984; Phi Beta Kappa 1977.

Biography: Dr. Fredric Cantor is a veterinarian with the New England area office of the US Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services. As an Area Emergency Coordinator, Dr. Cantor’s duties are to support and facilitate all hazard emergency planning efforts for animal agriculture in New England. He is also involved with the Massachusetts Veterinary Medical Association and serves as the chair of its Public Health Committee. Dr. Cantor has also served as the State Public Health Veterinarian for the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and Director of Public Health in Needham, MA. He was awarded a fellowship and preventive medicine residency with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's, Epidemic Intelligence Service from 1985-1988.

In addition to serving for several years as a past president of the Tufts University Veterinary Alumni Association, Dr. Cantor has been an adjunct faculty member at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine since 1988, where he has taught courses on veterinary economics, public health, communication, epidemiology, and biostatistics.

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Dr. Robert C. Cefalo, M59
1933 - 2008; Longtime director of UNC graduate medical education who specialized in infant and maternity health
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Tufts Degrees: M.D., 1959

Other Degrees: B.S., Boston College, 1955; Ph.D., Georgetown University

Awards & Honors: Courage to Lead Award, American Council on Graduate Medical Education, 2007

Biography: Dr. Robert C. Cefalo was professor emeritus of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine and director of the medical residency and fellowship programs at UNC Hospitals for a quarter century. During his time in that role, the university was commended for the development of its residency and fellowship programs. Dr. Cefalo helped found the House Staff Council and the House Officer of the Year Awards, which were later renamed the Robert C. Cefalo House Officer Awards in his honor. Dr. Cefalo also served as acting chairman of UNC’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and as director of the Division of Maternal and Fetal Medicine.

Dr. Cefalo was board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology and maternal-fetal medicine. He led UNC's physician training programs from 1981 to 2006 and served as assistant dean for graduate medical education. He also served as director of maternal fetal-medicine from 1979 to 1997, as interim chair of obstetrics and gynecology in 1981-1983 and 2004-2006 and as interim director of maternal-fetal medicine in 2005-2006. Dr. Cefalo was an active member of the UNC faculty until his retirement in 2006.

Dr. Cefalo served terms as president and chairman of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology and as president of the North Carolina Obstetrical and Gynecological Society. He was honored by the North Carolina Governor's Commission on Reduction of Infant Mortality for his contributions to the improvement of maternal and infant health. He is the co-author of Preconceptional Health Care: A Practical Guide.

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Dr. William F. Crowley, Jr., M69
Reproductive specialist who has devoted his career to educating and training new generations of doctors and researchers
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Tufts Degrees: M.D., 1969

Other Degrees: B.A., Holy Cross College, 1965; Hon.M.A., Harvard, 1992

Awards & Honors: IPSEN Foundation Prize in Endocrinology, 2008; Fred Conrad Koch Award, Endocrine Society, 2005; Sanctae Crucis Award, Holy Cross College, 2004; International Award for Excellence in Published Clinical Research in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, The Endocrine Society and Pharmacia Corporation, 2002; GCRC Program Annual Award for Excellence in Clinical Research, 2002; Mentor of the Year, Women in Endocrinology, 2000; Fuller Albright Award, Peripatetic Club, 1998

Biography: Dr. William F. Crowley, Jr., is a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School; Director of the Harvard Medical School’s Center of Excellence in Reproductive Endocrinology, one of 13 NICHD-funded Centers of Excellence in the US; Director of Clinical Research at the Mass General Hospital, and Founder and Past Chair of the Clinical Research Forum. By 1984, Dr. Crowley had developed a broad-based translational research program that led to the formation of the Reproductive Endocrine Unit of the Department of Medicine. The overarching mission of his laboratory is to improve the understanding and treatment of human reproductive disorders. Most recently, he and his colleagues have been leaders in identifying several new genes that control human puberty and sexual maturation using genetic and molecular approaches in clinical research. Dr. Crowley's lab has an impressive history of training pre- and post-doctoral fellows for careers in academic medicine and biomedical research. Over 80% of these trainees remain in academic settings, nine are full Professors, two are Associate Professors, and 68% are women. Two of these postdoctoral fellows have gone on to be elected President of the Endocrine Society and 4 have served on the Endocrine Society Council. For these accomplishments, Dr. Crowley has garnered many accolades, including being named an Honorary Fellow in the Royal Society of Medicine in 1999 and serving as President of the Endocrine Society (2001). He has also served as a consultant to various medical companies and has given lectures throughout the country.

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Dr. Selma R. Deitch, A44, M49
1925 - 2004; Known as the "matriarch of New Hampshire pediatricians" for her work in helping to attain quality health care for disadvantaged families
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Tufts Degrees: B.S. 1944; M.D. 1949

Other Degrees: M.A., Public Health, Harvard, 1966; Hon. Sc.D. Notre Dame, 1992; Hon. Sc.D. Southern New Hampshire University, 1998

Awards & Honors: President's Certificate for Outstanding Service, AAP, 1999

Biography: Dr. Selma R. Deitch was in private practice in Needham, MA from 1953-60, and directed Boston Floating Hospital's pediatric outpatient clinic from 1958-65. In 1966, she served as the director of the New Hampshire Division of Maternal and Child Health until 1974. In 1979, she co-founded and directed the Child Health Services Clinic in Manchester, which offers full-service health care to low-income families. Dr. Deitch helped to design a network of child development clinics in the state within the Special Medical Services Bureau and also helped initiate a statewide health care program for children in foster care. As chair of the AAP Committee on Early Child Development, Adoption and Dependent Care from 1980-84, Dr. Deitch edited the AAP Health in Daycare manual. She was involved with the 1999 revision of the AAP/American Public Health Association publication Caring for Our Children, and also was a panel chairperson forCaring for Our Children. She was a member of the AAP Sections on Community Pediatrics and International Child Health. Dr. Deitch retired from the Child Health Services Clinic in 2000 but still consulted on clinical matters until her death. She was also an emerita adjunct professor of pediatrics at Dartmouth Medical School.

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Dr. George Denton, A61
Renowned scientist studying climate change and advancing knowledge of the geological history of large ice sheets, smaller mountain glaciers, and glacial cycles
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Tufts Degrees: B.S., Geology, 1961

Other Degrees: M.S., Geology, Yale University, 1964; Ph.D., Yale University, 1965; Honorary Doctorate, Stockholm University, 1995; Honorary Doctorate, University of Edinburgh, 2005

Awards & Honors: 1990 Vega Medal Recipient; 1996 Foreign Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences; 1996 Bruce-Preller Prize of the Royal Society of Edinburgh; 2002 Member of the National Academy of Sciences; 2004 Ippolito International Prize, Academia dei Lincei, Rome; 2011 PROSE Award, Association of American Publishers; 2012 Phi Beta Kappa Science Book Award

Biography: Dr. George Denton is a preeminent glacial geologist and Libra Professor of Earth Sciences at the University of Maine. He is also an Adjunct Senior Scientist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University. Dr. Denton’s primary research interests include the geological history of large ice sheets and smaller mountain glaciers and abrupt ocean-atmosphere reorganizations in glacial cycles. A particular focus of his research of ice sheets is their role in the Quaternary and late-Tertiary ice ages. He has published on extensive field mapping of glacial deposits and features in Antarctica, South America, New Zealand, and the Arctic. An early seminal work is The Last Great Ice Sheets, written with his colleague, Terence Hughes, and published in 1981. He is the author or co-author of over 150 scholarly articles. In recent years, Dr. Denton’s research has focused on the timing and mechanisms of abrupt climate change, and particularly the interaction between the hemispheres. In 1990, he was presented with the Vega Medal in Stockholm. Later, he was elected as a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1996 and as a member of the US National Academy of Sciences in 2002. His current projects deal with the alpine glacier history of the Chilean Andes and the Southern Alps of New Zealand.

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Dr. Jane F. Desforges, M45
Renowned hematologist whose titles include practicing physician, teacher, writer, researcher and associate editor
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Tufts Degrees: M.D., 1945

Other Degrees: B.A., Wellesley College

Awards & Honors: Lifetime Achievement Award, Massachusetts Medical Society, 2001; Distinguished Teacher Award, American College of Physicians, 1988; Alumni Achievement Award, Wellesley College

Biography: Dr. Jane Desforges has had an illustrious career as a distinguished hematologist, physician, and outstanding teacher. Dr. Desforges, with the support of her loving husband, Dr. Gerard Desforges, M45, pursued her dream of medical school and career in medicine at time when that path was less traveled for women. She is an authority on anemia, specifically sickle-cell disease and Hodgkin's lymphoma and has published numerous papers on her findings. Hematologists from around the world have solicited her expert opinion in order to solve challenging cases. During her sixty years in medicine, she has worked in every aspect of the field, from scientific research to medical education, clinical practice, and medical publishing. From 1960-1993, she was associate editor of The New England Journal of Medicine, the world's pre-eminent medical journal. In 1972, Dr. Desforges was appointed professor of medicine at Tufts, becoming a Distinguished Professor of Medicine in 1992 and professor emerita in 1995. The students at Tufts University School of Medicine selected her for the Outstanding Teacher Award for thirteen consecutive years. Dr. Desforges has also served in the following capacities: former President of the American Society of Hematology; member of the American Board of Internal Medicine; Secretary-Treasurer of the Board of Governors; and member and Chairperson of the Hematology Sub-specialty Board. She became a Master of the American College of Physicians in 1984 and received their Distinguished Teacher Award in 1988. In 1990, Dr. Desforges was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Desforges continues to be an active member of the Hematology/Oncology Division at the Tufts University School of Medicine and participates in teaching rounds and educational conferences. The Division has endowed a professorship in her name.

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Dr. Jeffrey M. Drazen, A68
Pulmonary specialist and medical journal editor who is known for his studies on lung physiology
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Tufts Degrees: B.S., Applied Physics, 1968

Other Degrees: M.D., Harvard, 1972, Hon., University of Ferrara, Italy; Hon., National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Awards & Honors: Chadwick Medal, Massachusetts Thoracic Society, 2000

Biography: Dr. Jeffrey M. Drazen has served as editor-in-chief of the New England Journal of Medicine since July 2000. His responsibilities include oversight of all editorial content and policies. Under his direction the Journal has published the first scientific articles delineating the features of SARS and H1N1 2009 pandemic influenza. His editorial background includes working for the Journal of Clinical Investigation, the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, and the American Journal of Medicine. He has published more than 300 articles on topics such as lung physiology and the mechanisms involved in asthma. Dr. Drazen's current research centers on mechanical transduction in the airways.

Dr. Drazen is the Distinguished Parker B. Francis Professor of at Harvard Medical School, professor of physiology in the Department of Environmental Health at the Harvard School of Public Health. He is also the senior physician at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital. In 2003, he was elected as a member of the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Drazen has served on numerous committees for the National Institutes of Health. He currently co-chairs the Institute of Medicine's Drug Forum.

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